Less than 10% plagiarism
week # 2
Internal and External Criticism.
It is crucial to determine if a theory can be modified for use in research. Middle-range ideas are evaluated using a variety of internal and external critiques. Internal complaints focus on the theory’s internal structure and how well it meets the criteria for a good theory. External criticisms focus on the theory’s ability to account for data and its potential to be used in research. Both types of objections can be valuable. Internal complaints help to ensure that a theory is adequate and meets the criteria for a good theory. External criticisms help to ensure that a theory is practical and that it can be used in research.
One of the most critical decisions a scientist makes is when to accept a theory as applying to their research. Many factors are considered when making this judgment, including internal and external criticism. Internal criticism is typically used to test whether a theory is internally consistent (McEwen & Wills, 2014). It can be done by looking for inconsistencies within the theory or by testing it against data it was not designed to account for. If the theory is inconsistent, it may be rejected as a viable candidate for research. External criticism tests whether a theory applies to the real world. The theory must account for observed data and predictions that can be made based on that data. If the theory cannot be verified, it may be rejected as a viable candidate for research.
The evaluation of middle-range ideas is based on both internal and external critique. A middle-range theory can address both internal and external criticism. Middle-range theories are typically more applicable to research than theories that can account for only one type of criticism (Mgbekem et al., 2016). Middle-range ideas are important because they allow scientists to test their theories against real-world data. It enables them to make predictions about how the real world will behave. If a theory can account for internal and external criticism, it is likely to be a viable candidate for research.
Middle-range theories are evaluated using both internal and external criticism. Internal criticism measures how well the approach matches data and how well it can be extended. External criticism estimates how well the theory is proposed, how well it is explained, and how well it can be applied. Middle-range theories can be judged based on these four criteria.
McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2014). Introduction to middle-range nursing theories. M. McEwen, & E. Wills, Theoretical basis for nursing, 213-228.
Mgbekem, M. A., Ojong, I. N., Lukpata, F. E., Armon, M., & Kalu, V. (2016). Middle range theory evaluation: bridging the theory-practice gap. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 22(2), 249-254.
Less than 10% plagiarism